See, if I had seen that before I went out and started commissioning a bunch of studies, I would have probably just suggested that those in charge of all the citing and all of the fining just not be so damned concerned with trivial minutiae (as shown above) and try and find those who are dumping large quantities of trash in inappropriate places. I mean, seriously, they're going to spend their time fining 2 children, a care worker and a 24-year old dude for an ice cream stick, an apple core, a French fry and two pieces of junk mail that were IN A TRASH CAN, and in exchange, the streets will look like they do. Fabulous.
Good plan there, England. How's that working for you? Oh, right. Yeah, I forgot that you'd probably need a study to figure it out. When you get the results back, let me know how it went. I'm sure I'll be shocked at the results. Or not. Yeah, probably not. Good luck with that.